Maya Angelou

Translated with free online software.

She was born in St. Louis, Missouri and, as a baby, she left with her parents and older brother in California. But like many black families migrating north or west, parents face poverty and can not provide for their children. They are sent to their paternal grandmother in Stamps, Arkansas, a segregated southern state. She grows up and attends Stamps Elementary School where her father, Bailey Johnson, visits them from time to time. At the age of seven, she returns with her brother to St. Louis with her mother Vivian Baxter. She is the victim of rape by her companion, who is murdered a few days later by her uncle. After the trial, she stops talking and is sent back to Stamps at her grandmother’s. With the help of Mrs Flowers, who introduces her to literature, she gradually regains confidence in herself and thus the use of words. She later returns to California and as a good student, her mother enrolls her in a private school; she is the first black woman to attend it.

Before she turned 20, Maya Angelou worked as a cook, dancer and singer in California and raised only her son Guy. At the age of twenty, she moved to New York, in the district of Harlem.
Maya Angelou at York College in February 2013.

Although they are not officially married, Maya Angelou follows South Africa’s Vusumzi Make, Nelson Mandela’s fighting companion to Egypt5. After the end of this union, she moved to Ghana with her son Guy3 where she rubs Malcom X1. She returned to the United States in 1965 to work with him when he was murdered1. She is then the coordinator of the New York section of Martin Luther King’s organization3. Driven by Harlem writer James Baldwin, Maya Angelou will begin writing after the death of Martin Luther King, murdered the same day she celebrates her fortieth birthday on April 4, 19681.

She has traveled extensively and speaks English, French, 1 Spanish, Italian and Arabic.

Beginning in 1981, she lives in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, where she holds the Chair of American Studies at Wake Forest University1. She also has a residency in Harlem, and participates as a speaker at the 1995 Million Man March.

Maya Angelou is known for her autobiographical works I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings (1969) and All God’s Children’s Need Traveling Shoes (1986). His collection of Just Give Me Poems was published for the Pulitzer Prize. In 1993, Maya Angelou read her poem On the Pulse of Morning at the request of Bill Clinton during his inaugural address. In addition, in 2008, along with many historic African-American leaders, she supported Hillary Clinton in the Democratic Party primaries for the US presidential election before joining Barack Obama.

She has influenced many black American personalities, including journalist Oprah Winfrey, who often refers to her.

On May 28, 2014, Maya died of a long illness after being found unconscious in her home in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, a few days after canceling an appearance at the Beacon Awards in Houston where she was to be honored. She was 86 years old.

His first books translated into French were published in 2008 by the Montreal publisher Les Allusifs with Tant que je suis noir (September 2008) and Je sais pourquoi sing the bird in a cage (November 2008).

I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings (1969)
Published in French under the title Je sais pourquoi the bird sings in a cage, translated by Philippe Bonnet and Dominique Lemann, Paris, Hachette, 1980 (ISBN 2-01-007341-X)
Published in French under the title Je sais pourquoi sings the bird in a cage, translated by Christiane Besse, Paris, Belfond, 1990 (ISBN 2-7144-2448-1)
Gather Together in My Name (1974)
Published in French under the title Gather in my name, included in the volume I know why sings the bird in a cage, translated by Christiane Besse, Paris, Belfond, 1990 (ISBN 2-7144-2448-1); reprint, Paris, UGE, coll. “10/18” No. 2445, 1993 (ISBN 2-264-01807-0); reprint, Montreal / Arles, The Allusives, 2008 (ISBN 978-2-922868-82-1); reprint, Paris, LGF, coll. “The Paperback” No. 31533, 2009 (ISBN 978-2-253-12753-6)
Singin ‘and Swingin’ and Gettin ‘Merry Like Christmas (1976)
The Heart of a Woman (1981
Published in French under the title Tant que je noir, translated by Lori Saint-Martin and Paul Gagné, Montreal / Arles, Les Allusifs, 2008 (ISBN 978-2-922868-75-3); reprint, Paris, LGF, coll. “The Paperback” No. 31531, 2009) (ISBN 978-2-253-12754-3)
All God’s Children Need Travel Shoes (1986)
Posted in French under the title A plane ticket for Africa

Information source:

Translated with free online software.


The ideas, tips, suggestions and comments expressed on this site represent a point of view. The information on this site is provided without warranty. The responsibility of the decisions made on the basis of the information presented on this site belongs entirely to the decision-maker.


Page Name: Maya Angelou
Authors: Wikipédia en français
Publisher: Wikipedia
Link to the quoted version:





Information source:

The material was translated with free online software, without any warranty.

You are free to:

Share – copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format
Adapt – remix, transform, and build upon the material
for any purpose, even commercially.

This license is acceptable for Free Cultural Works.

The licensor can not revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms.

Under the following terms:

Attribution – You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any way, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.

ShareAlike – If you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you must distribute your contributions under the same license as the original.

No additional restrictions – You may not apply to any other legal measures.


You do not have to comply with the law or allow the use of the product.
No warranties are given. The license may not give you all the necessary permission for your intended use. For example, other rights such as publicity, privacy, or moral rights may limit how you use the material.